What Was The Main Argument Of Each Side In Muller V Oregon?
In Muller vs. Oregon, a laundry owner argued that limiting women to a ten-hour work day was an unconstitutional violation of their right to choose their own employment. Due in large part to a unique legal brief by Louis Brandeis, the Supreme Court concluded that the states could limit the working hours of women.
What was the significance of muller v oregon?
Muller v. Oregon, one of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases of the Progressive Era, upheld an Oregon law limiting the workday for female wage earners to ten hours. The case established a precedent in 1908 to expand the reach of state activity into the realm of protective labor legislation.
What did brandeis argue in his famous brief in the muller case?Brandeis‘ brief for the case — Muller v. Oregon — was the first to use sociological data in addition to legal arguments to address the question of whether excess labor led to ill health among workers. Dubbed the Brandeis Brief, it served as a model for future cases where non-legal data was used to argue a case.
When was muller v oregon overturned?
After Muller, many states passed wages and hours laws and other statutes regulating the conditions of work. However, in 1923, the Supreme Court ruled this legislation was unconstitutional in Adkins v. Children’s Hospital. Then the Great Depression of the 1930s forced the Court to reverse its decision.
What is the Muller decision?
Muller v. Oregon, 208 U.S. 412 (1908), was a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court. Women were provided by state mandate lesser work-hours than allotted to men. The posed question was whether women’s liberty to negotiate a contract with an employer should be equal to a man’s.
Why did Curter claim the Oregon labor law unconstitutional?
After being convicted and charged with a $10 fine, Curt Muller appealed to the Oregon Supreme Court. Muller claimed that the charges violated his right to freely contract under the US Constitution. During this case, the question of if the law passed violated the women equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment.
What did the Supreme Court hold in Lochner v New York?
Lochner v. New York, 198 U.S. 45 (1905), was a landmark U.S. labor law case in the US Supreme Court, holding that limits to working time violated the Fourteenth Amendment.
Which future member of the US Supreme Court wrote the brief in Muller v Oregon?
The Supreme Court heard argument in the Muller case only five days after receiving the voluminous Brandeis brief. Less than six weeks later, the Supreme Court unanimously upheld Oregon’s law. Justice Brewer, who was a member of the 5-4 majority in Lochner, authored the relatively short opinion.
What are the child labor laws in Oregon?
In Oregon, people under the age of 18 are considered minors for purposes of employment. Generally, a minor must be at least 14 years of age to work in Oregon. The state child labor law requires employers to provide a sanitary and safe workplace, including washrooms and toilets, adequate lighting, and ventilation.
What are the labor laws in Oregon?
Oregon labor laws require employers to provide employees 18 years of age and over with paid, uninterrupted 10-minute rest breaks for every four (4) hour segment or major portion thereof that they work in a work period.
Who won Muller vs Oregon?
Oregon enacted a law that limited women to ten hours of work in factories and laundries. The owner of a laundry business, Curt Muller, was fined $10 when he violated the law. Muller appealed the conviction. The state supreme court upheld the law’s constitutionality.
Is Oregon a right to work state?
Oregon is not a right-to-work state. In Oregon a private employer can have an agreement — called a union security agreement — that union membership is essentially compulsory. If an employee doesn’t want to join the union, they can still get a job, but the employee has to pay dues to the union.
Is Oregon a union state?
Oregon consistently outpaces the U.S. in union membership as a share of total employment. Oregon reached its highest union membership (275,300) and coverage (295,000) totals in 1994. Oregon and Other States. Oregon remains among the most unionized states.
What is Oregon minimum wage?
11.25 USD per hour (Jul 1, 2019)
What did the 1903 Muller v Oregon decision uphold?
It relates to both sex discrimination and labor laws. The case upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours. The Muller v. Oregon decision upheld the Oregon law, passed in 1903, that said that women could work no more than 10 hours a day.