Translation refers to the process of creating proteins from an mRNA template. The sequence of nucleotides on the RNA is translated into the amino acid sequence of proteins and this reaction is carried out by ribosomes.
What is a translation in biology?
In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or ER synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell’s nucleus. The ribosome facilitates decoding by inducing the binding of complementary tRNA anticodon sequences to mRNA codons.what is translation in DNA? Translation is the process that takes the information passed from DNA as messenger RNA and turns it into a series of amino acids bound together with peptide bonds. The ribosome is the site of this action, just as RNA polymerase was the site of mRNA synthesis.
what is translation in biology easy definition?
Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes.What occurs during translation?
Translation is the process by which a protein is synthesized from the information contained in a molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA). Translation occurs in a structure called the ribosome, which is a factory for the synthesis of proteins.
Where are codons located?If you need a 2 second answer, codons are found in mRNA. If you want to find codons for an mRNA sequence, you look need to sequence the protein.
What are the 4 steps of translation?Translation happens in four stages: activation (make ready), initiation (start), elongation (make longer) and termination (stop). These terms describe the growth of the amino acid chain (polypeptide). Amino acids are brought to ribosomes and assembled into proteins.
What are the Anticodons?Anticodon Definition. Anticodons are sequences of nucleotides that are complementary to codons. They are found in tRNAs, and allow the tRNAs to bring the correct amino acid in line with an mRNA during protein production.
What are the three stop codons?Stop codons are sequences of DNA and RNA that are needed to stop translation or the making of proteins by stringing amino acids together. There are three RNA stop codons: UAG, UAA, and UGA. In DNA, the uracil (U) is replaced by thymine (T).
Why do we need translation?Translation is necessary for the spreading new information, knowledge, and ideas across the world. It is absolutely necessary to achieve effective communication between different cultures. In the process of spreading new information, translation is something that can change history.
What is the product of translation?The molecule that results from translation is protein — or more precisely, translation produces short sequences of amino acids called peptides that get stitched together and become proteins. During translation, little protein factories called ribosomes read the messenger RNA sequences.
Where are proteins made?Proteins are synthesized on ribosomes that read the mRNA and decode it to stringing together a defined series of amino acids. In animals, you find the ribosomes in the cytoplasm, although they can stick to the cytoplasmic surface of the endoplasmic reticulum if they are producing membrane-bound or export proteins.
Who discovered Translation?The idea that tRNA was an adaptor molecule was first proposed by Francis Crick, co-discoverer of DNA structure, who did much of the key work in deciphering the genetic code (Crick, 1958). Within the ribosome, the mRNA and aminoacyl-tRNA complexes are held together closely, which facilitates base-pairing.
What are proteins made of?Proteins are made up of smaller building blocks called amino acids, joined together in chains. There are 20 different amino acids. Some proteins are just a few amino acids long, while others are made up of several thousands. These chains of amino acids fold up in complex ways, giving each protein a unique 3D shape.
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