?Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in blood and can cause disease in people. There are many different bloodborne pathogens, including malaria, syphilis, and brucellosis, and most notably Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
What are the bloodborne pathogens?
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
what are the four main ways that you can become infected with a bloodborne pathogen? There are four main ways that you can become infected with a bloodborne pathogen. These include injection, skin abrasion, and sexual contact.
what are the three types of bloodborne pathogens?
Bloodborne pathogens and workplace sharps injuries. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are three of the most common bloodborne pathogens from which health care workers are at risk.
What is the most common transmission mode for blood borne infections?
Bloodborne pathogens are most commonly transmitted through: Accidental puncture from contaminated needles, broken glass, or other sharps. Contact between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids. Contact between mucous membranes and infected body fluids.
How long can bloodborne pathogens live?
It is. This is because certain bloodborne viruses can live for days outside the body and still cause infection. Hepatitis B virus can live in dried blood for up to a week. Hepatitis C virus can survive for up to four days.
How can you protect yourself from bloodborne pathogens?
Work Practices to Prevent Infection Protect yourself by following these steps: Treat all blood and body fluid spills as if they were infectious. When providing first aid or CPR, protect yourself first, then treat the victim second. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment: gloves, goggles, etc.
Who is at risk for bloodborne pathogens?
All health workers – including waste disposal workers, and emergency and safety workers exposed to the risk of bloodborne pathogens – are at risk of exposure. They should be immunized either before training or as soon as possible when at work, unless they are already immunized (15).
What is the best definition of bloodborne pathogens?
Blood means human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood. Bloodborne Pathogens means pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
How do you get bloodborne pathogens?
Bloodborne Pathogens can be transmitted when blood or body fluid from an infected person enters another person’s body via needle-sticks, human bites, cuts, abrasions, or through mucous membranes. Any body fluid with blood is potentially infectious.
What are the most common bloodborne pathogens?
The three most common bloodborne pathogens (BBPs) are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV). This flyer is being sent to employers as an aid to understanding and complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard.
Who needs bloodborne pathogen training?
Who must receive bloodborne pathogens training? All workers at risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens must be provided with training. This may include employees in many fields, including first responders, housekeeping personnel, nurses and other healthcare personnel.
What is the OSHA standard for bloodborne pathogens?
OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standard recommends that employers and all health care workers, including students implement standard precautions when dealing with blood and other potentially infectious materials, which have the capability of transmitting a bloodborne pathogen.
How many diseases are there in bloodborne?
There are 26 different viruses that have been shown to present in healthcare workers as a result of occupational exposure. The most common bloodborne diseases are hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Is MRSA bloodborne?
Certain body fluids can contain bloodborne pathogens that infect humans and spread from person to person. The bloodborne pathogens of primary concern are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and MRSA.